Solar Energy is one of the fastest growing industries in India. The solar installed capacity of India has reached 29.41 GW as of May 2019. We are also the lowest cost producer of Solar power combined with the fact that more than 70% of our country’s rural population is dependent on agriculture.Solar power and agriculture are a winning combination. Solar submersible pumps are without doubt cheaper and convenient alternative to Electricity dependent pumps.
Agricultural water pumps- current scenario, flaws
The current scenario highlights major flaws in the water availability scenario in agricultural fields. The water irrigation canals are expensive, the water pumps are not efficient due to irregular electricity supply and are expensive. Due to irregular monsoon in the country, vast agricultural population have to travel to far off places to fetch water over burdening the farmers with extra-marginal burden. A regular supply of water is essential for high agricultural productivity and hence shifting to more reliable and consistent alternative is the wise option.
Solar system as an alternative – Solar submersible pumps
With the cost of diesel and electricity rising constantly, solar submersible pump is the perfect alternative. The solar submersible pump is similar to traditional electric pumps apart from the dependency on limited fossil fuels and electricity. Solar submersible pump also gives you an upper hand as the regular fluctuation, power cuts, low voltage, single phase problems in electricity supply damages the traditional pump leading to additional financial burden.
Benefits of Solar submersible Water pumps
Apart from being the eco-friendly alternative to electricity, solar submersible pumps have other various advantages:
- Easy to install and Longer operative durability
- Easy to operate and requires less maintenance
- No electricity dependence hence money saved on long electricity bills.
- Highly reliable and durable
- Environment friendly alternative – less chances of soil and water contamination.
- Less financial burden due to no fuel cost
- No additional set-up required.
- Supported by Government and hence good chances of subsidy
- Perfect alternative for rural areas where fuels are difficult to procure and electricity supply is either non-existent or non-reliable.
- No lubrication required.
- Year long water availability
solar submersible water pump- Types, parts, working
There are majorly four types of Solar water pumps namely solar submersible pump and surface pumps, direct current (DC) pumps and alternate current (AC) pumps.
Solar submersible pump as the name suggests remain submerged in water. Installation of Solar submersible pump requires digging on borewell and is easy to install.
The Solar submersible pump consists of three major parts:
- PVC Pipes for borewell
- Solar PV Pipes
- Solar submersible pump
The Solar submersible pump uses the solar panels and converts the solar energy into direct current (DC) which then keeps the motor running and pumps out water.